Category Archives: Sustainability

What is it that art could do for the environment?

The following is a report on the Green Alliance’s summer debate about the arts and the environment originally published on the Ashdenizen blog.

For their summer reception, the environmental think tank Green Alliance hosted an evening of opera and debate at the Royal Opera House. In conjunction with The Opera Group, the evening began with a fifteen minute excerpt of Luke Bedford‘s new opera Seven Angels, is inspired by Milton’s Paradise Lost and has environmental degradation as its theme.

Following the opera taster, there was a panel discussion entitled ‘What have the arts ever done for the environment? The panel included a mix of representatives from the worlds of policy, the arts and academia. It was chaired by Julie’s Bicycle’s Alison Tickell, and panellists included: The Southbank Centre artistic director, Jude Kelly, RSA chief executive Matthew Taylor, Arcola Theatre executive director Ben Todd, the sculptor Peter Randall-Page and David Frame, fellow of Oxford University. In her introduction, Tickell indicated that the Seven Angels was one among a crop of new work being made by British artists that addressed nature or the environment among those artists she listed were Antony Gormley, Ian McEwan, Jay Griffiths.

One of the main themes of the evening was an attempt in the discussion to answer the general question of what it is that art can do for the environment. It was generally agreed that one of the strengths of art was that it was well equipped to deal with the complexities that many environmental issues such as climate change raise. Matthew Taylor saying that art should be one of the many interventions required to tackle climate change.

One of the most eloquent responses came from the scholar, David Frame, who highlighted art’s ability to deal with complexity and tension. He felt that as climate change and environmental problems are so complex in nature, with for instance climate change knowledge dispersed amongst many specialists without a graspable whole. He said that the arts community has ‘a unique ability to convey complexity, delicacy, and beauty and among the things you can do is you don’t need to simplify…’

He pointed to the deficits in mediums such as Twitter or the 1,000 word Op Ed piece and contrasted this with the length of a novel or a film where he said ‘the possibilities for the ideas you can upload to people is phenomenal.’ This type of medium he said was also more able to cope with uncertainties. ‘You leave interpretation open which isn’t considered acceptable in other forms and I think that in doing so you can bring out tensions between these parallel values’.

Changing values seemed to be one of the key roles identified for art that emerged from the discussion. Alison said she has observed what she describes as a ‘palpable’ shift in values taking place rapidly and for her ‘the arts do have a role to play in reflecting and shaping and engaging with those values.’ While Matthew didn’t agree with Alison the extent to which values have already changed in the positive direction Alison described. In fact, he warned that during this current time of disturbance there is a clear dissatisfaction with current values but which way public opinion would turn was not decided. He said the dissatisfaction could lead in two ways, and not necessarily in a progressive direction he lamented that ‘it can go in a dangerous direction as well.’

The question of how politics should be addressed raised differing opinions. Jude Kelly began by announcing she ‘didn’t mind a bit of bad art’ provided that art had some sort of message. She went on to say, ‘I don’t think it’s a hanging offence to produce a message’ However if it’s not particularly interesting it might ‘bore me after awhile’. Further, ‘I don’t mind artists having a go. I really dislike the idea that artists shouldn’t be allowed to take centre stage to comment on things.

While Peter conceded that there was ‘nothing wrong with political art’, for him it was less the politics which art was best equipped to address. He was more of the mind that art’s quality was that it didn’t have a direct ‘purpose’ that it was its intrinsic values alone that made art great. He believes that ‘arts are not well placed to (do) issue based lobbying’ contrasting what he finds often to be the pragmatism of the environmental movement with the arts ability to nourish imagination and the spirit in the way the natural world does. ‘I think the role that I feel for the arts in environmentalism is that it… reminds us that we’re not all bad. If we only feel negative it’s impossible for us to move forward and remove this exclusively pragmatic approach to looking after the world.’

Matthew wanted to introduce a third way of thinking about the issue agreeing that art shouldn’t attempt to kick us around the head. However, he felt art could ‘challenge people to live differently and value things in slightly different ways.’ Providing a vision of how ‘a different, deeper kind of understanding about what makes life worth living and what it is society wants to be.’ This task he felt art was ‘incredibly well suited’. That is, ‘art is there to explicitly to get you to think about what the good life is.’ He concluded this thought saying ‘art shouldn’t be ashamed to say that art is here to help you rethink what our values are and I don’t think that requires you to revert to a kind of crude placard waving.’

In addition to the discussion about art and politics, the panel also touched on the controversial issue of artists lifestyles and the high carbon footprint of the arts. The general attitude on the panel was that this shouldn’t be paid as much attention as it has been. Jude Kelly saying that this arts requires face-to-face interactions and not allowing artists to fly amounts to a cultural boycott. But Matthew Taylor thought artists should be accountable, and if they want to have influence on others they have to take account of their own actions.
Increased collaboration amongst artists was encouraged, suggesting that the problem of the environment is one that artists should attempt to do together. Arts organisations such as Cape Farewell and Tipping Point were highlighted as doing exceptional work, helping to inform artists of climate change and bringing the topic to their consciousness.

It was edifying to see an organisation such as the Green Alliance, who normally deals with more policy related issues such as building a sustainable economy, investigating climate and energy futures, designing out waste and political leadership to host a conversation with the arts community. A cursory glance over badges of audience members saw representatives from business and policy, including the Department for Energy and Climate Change and The Environment Agency, so the wider these issues can be encountered and discussed the better. It’s time the arts community made it’s voice heard in the conversation about climate change. Peter concluded well, stating that it is artists who need to create metaphors and narratives which make it possible to go into the future.

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Asleep at the wheel

‘We are culturally asleep at the wheel’ Janek Schaefer

Inside car
View from the inside of a car

The inaugural International Festival in Milton Keynes is a 10 day festival bringing international artists to Milton Keynes.  Having recently relocated to the city of cars and roundabouts, I was interested to be invited along to the opening of the festival’s artist in residence Janek Schaefer’s installation ‘Asleep at the Wheel’ on Thursday  15 July.  The installation is housed in a disused Sainsbury’s store in the Milton Keynes Food Centre.  It is a unique response to the strange new city of Milton Keynes.

There are three elements to the installation.  The cars themselves which are located at the far end of the store, the ‘alternate route’ library and the services, the former cigarette dispensary offers free tea and coffee and sells other fair-trade refreshments.

services

10:10 Services

All of the store’s windows have been blackened, so there is nothing in particular to indicate the installation inside.  Using the entirety of  the large abandoned shop floor, Schaefer has created a virtual three lane highway where he has positioned ten deserted cars.  Inside the cars audio systems have been programmed with Schaefer’s blend of interviews, radio programmes and clips from documentaries and films such as ‘The Story of Stuff’ and ‘The Age of Stupid’.  If you are to start at the last car and work your way to the front, a type of story begins to emerge.  It’s a story about the condition of consumer driven oil and car dependent society and its fate.  Schaefer is careful to consider the entire story, he doesn’t merely bemoan the consumer society without considering alternatives.  The alternatives offered are positive and considered, and include work from Transition Towns and the 10:10 initiative.

outside

Poster outside the store

It’s a strange prospect to enter the abandoned cars in order to listen to the sound pieces.  You realise that cars are very personal spaces, and it’s astonishing how the cars all have different smells, particular car smells developed from years of use by their various owners.  In fact some of the comments in the guest book noted the strange smell of the cars. The car wind shields have been treated so that there is an effect which looks like water.  It’s difficult to see out of the cars, as though you were stuck in a rainstorm.  All of the cars are parked with their hazard lights on, leaving you wondering where are the drivers? What happened to them, why did they abandon their cars? Schaefer incorporates the sound of traffic and rain into the mix of atmospheric music and audio clips mixed with the static that comes from tuning a radio.

The cars
Three lanes of cars

The first car features a clip from the film ‘The Age of Stupid’ with the voice of Pete Postlethwaite bemoaning  ‘we could’ve saved ourselves’ and it is this initial lament that sets the scene for Schaefer’s narrative.   Messages have been printed onto the rear view mirrors and have statements such as: ‘Does our future have a future’, ‘None of us are as smart as all of us’, ‘Taking a fresh look at the world, good lives don’t need to cost the earth, indeed they offer our best hope of saving it’, ‘Every action creates ripples of change personal action is meaningful even if no one has heard about it’, ‘The world does not have to be this way, we can change it’, ‘A good life is a conscious life, one lived with awareness.’

rear view mirror

Rear-view mirror

Having attended the exhibition the first night without listening to the sound works in the cars and then returning later to listen, Schafer’s talent as a sound artist is clear.  The work’s depth and power is located in the audio clips in the cars.  It enriches and layers the work in a way that the assemblage of cars in space and the other elements can’t do alone.  These other elements lend to the atmosphere of the sonic piece itself.  The piece is successful because these two elements really work in parallel.  The cars, lighting and location add to the ambience and strangeness of the piece which is enhanced once you begin to interact physically with the cars.

The use of the audio clips, staggered between the cars allows Schafer to build a distinct narrative about our current consumer/oil based/ car centred society, the problems and unsustainability of this lifestyle and offer alternatives to it.  This is enhanced by the visceral, emotive power of the cars themselves.  Sitting in cars once owned and driven, with the associated banal and familiar feel, one is haunted by their own memories of car culture and the role of cars in their own life.

By virtue of these cars being so familiar, we are implicated, reminded of our own role as participants in this society.  Fortunately, Schafer doesn’t seek to merely confront us with the problem.  Solutions are offered in the informational videos and library of books about sustainable living and the information on the 10:10 programme.  This part of the installation is carefully thought out and well researched.  This completes the story suggesting ways we can improve our lives, make changes,  and positively introduce sustainable behaviour into our lives.

library table

Alternative routes library

This installation will be open until Sunday 25 July.  If you are unable to visit the installation yourself, information and resources from the exhibit are available on Janek’ s website:

http://www.audioh.com/projects/asleepatthewheel.html

http://www.ifmiltonkeynes.org/festival-programme/2010/07/16/janek-schaefer-asleep-at-the-wheel.html

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Filed under Climate Change, Installation Art, Milton Keynes IF, Sustainability, Transition Towns